What is Hazard Mitigation and Hazard Mitigation Planning?
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) defines Hazard Mitigation as “any sustained action taken to reduce or eliminate long-term risk to life and property from a hazard event. The primary purpose of mitigation planning is to systematically identify policies, actions, and tools that can be used to implement those actions.” Pre-disaster mitigation actions are those taken in advance of a hazard event to interrupt the cycle of damage, reconstruction and repeated damage. Successful mitigation actions can be a cost effective means of reducing future losses.
Why do we need a hazard mitigation Plan?
The Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000, (DMA 2000), requires the development and submission of a hazard mitigation plans by not only the State, but also local governments (counties/municipalities) as a condition of receiving various types of pre- and post- disaster assistance for mitigation efforts as identified under the Stafford Act. The three (3) main programs providing hazard mitigation assistance include:
Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP)
The HMGP provides funding for long-term hazard mitigation measures following major disaster declarations. Funding is available to implement projects in accordance with State, territorial, federally-recognized tribal, and local priorities.
Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM)
The PDM program provides funds on an annual basis for hazard mitigation planning and the implementation of mitigation projects. FEMA provides funding for measures to reduce or eliminate overall risk from natural hazards.